An automated guided vehicle is a machine that is used for the transportation of goods or implements in a factory. It is commonly referred to as an AGV, different versions of it come with different names. The AGV was conceptualized in the 1950s and was then guided by a wire, as opposed to having tracks on the floor that the machine had to follow.
Development of this transportation equipment continued to what are now known as Automated Guided Carts & Laser Guided Vehicle. AGCs are guided by magnetic tape while LGVs utilize lasers to map out their way. Here are some of the ways AGVs are used.
An AGV is used during the development process of many products. It is utilized to transport raw materials to their needed location. Different vehicles have different capacities with light load ones starting as low as 500 pounds to tow vehicles reaching capacities up to 60,000 pounds. This variability allows them to be part of a wide range of manufacturing processes where materials like paper, metal and chemicals are required.
Products require storage in the final stage of manufacturing. This can either be warehouse storage, shipping storage or trailer storage. Here, AGVs come in to gently handle finished products so as to not damage them in any way. An AGV uses controls that are extremely precise to control its movement, speed and handling of the goods. These controls enable it to safely carry them to the final point of loading.
AGVs are also present in theme parks – for riding purposes. Using Wi-Fi transmission as one of the ways to execute movement, the vehicles provide a unique experience as they are able to be random in their movements. The manufacturing industry is the main benefactor of AGV technology but the utilization of these vehicles continues to spread to other fields.